English Literature » Mark Twain


Mark Twain (real name Samuel Langhorne Clemens), November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910, was an American author and humorist. He wrote The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876) and its sequel, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885), the latter often called “The Great American Novel”.

Twain grew up in Hannibal, Missouri, which provided the setting for Huckleberry Finn and Tom Sawyer. After an apprenticeship with a printer, he worked as a typesetter and contributed articles to the newspaper of his older brother, Orion Clemens. He later became a riverboat pilot on the Mississippi River before heading west to join Orion in Nevada. He referred humorously to his singular lack of success at mining, turning to journalism for the Virginia City Territorial Enterprise. In 1865, his humorous story, “The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County,” was published, based on a story he heard at Angels Hotel in Angels Camp, California, where he had spent some time as a miner. The short story brought international attention, and was even translated into classic Greek. His wit and satire, in prose and in speech, earned praise from critics and peers, and he was a friend to presidents, artists, industrialists, and European royalty.

Twain was born shortly after a visit by Halley’s Comet, and he predicted that he would “go out with it”, too. He died the day after the comet returned. He was lauded as the “greatest American humorist of his age,” and William Faulkner called Twain “the father of American literature.”

Novels by Mark Twain

Plays by Mark Twain

Essays by Mark Twain

  1. A Scrap Of Curious History
  2. A Simplified Alphabet
  3. As Concerns Interpreting The Deity
  4. At the Shrine of St. Wagner
  5. Concerning Tobacco
  6. Essays on Paul Bourget
  7. Fenimore Cooper’s Literary Offences
  8. How to Make History Dates Stick
  9. In Defense of Harriet Shelley
  10. Is Shakespeare Dead?
  11. On The Decay Of The Art Of Lying
  12. Taming The Bicycle
  13. The Bee
  14. The Death of Jean
  15. The Memorable Assassination
  16. The Turning Point of My Life
  17. What Is Man?
  18. William Dean Howells

Short stories by Mark Twain

  1. “After” Jenkins
  2. “Party Cries” In Ireland
  3. $30,000 Bequest, The
  4. A Burlesque Biography
  5. A Cure for the Blues
  6. A Dog’s Tale
  7. A Fable
  8. A Fashion Item
  9. A Fine Old Man
  10. A Ghost Story
  11. A Helpless Situation
  12. A Mysterious Visit
  13. A Telephonic Conversation
  14. About Barbers
  15. About Play-Acting
  16. Advice to Little Girls
  17. Amended Obituaries
  18. Answers To Correspondents
  19. At The Appetite-Cure
  20. Aurelia’s Unfortunate Young Man
  21. Cannibalism In The Cars
  22. Captain Stormfield’s Visit to Heaven
  23. Christian Science and the book of Mrs. Eddy
  24. Concerning Chambermaids
  25. Diplomatic Pay and Clothes
  26. Disgraceful Persecution Of A Boy
  27. Edward Mills And George Benton: A Tale
  28. English as She is Taught
  29. Eve’s Diary
  30. Experience Of The McWilliamses With Membranous Croup
  31. Extracts From Adam’s Diary
  32. First Interview With Artemus Ward
  33. From the ‘London Times’ of 1904
  34. General Washington’s Negro Body-Servant
  35. Honored As A Curiosity
  36. How I Edited An Agricultural Paper Once
  37. How The Author Was Sold In Newark
  38. How To Tell A Story
  39. Hunting The Deceitful Turkey
  40. In Memoriam – Olivia Susan Clemens
  41. Information Wanted
  42. Introduction to “The New Guide of the Conversation in Portuguese and English”
  43. Is He Living or Is He Dead?
  44. Italian with Grammar
  45. Italian without a Master
  46. John Chinaman In New York
  47. Johnny Greer
  48. Journalism In Tennessee
  49. Lionizing Murderers
  50. Luck
  51. Mr. Bloke’s Item
  52. My Bloody Massacre
  53. My Boyhood Dreams
  54. My Debut as a Literary Person
  55. My First Lie, and How I Got Out of It
  56. My First Literary Venture
  57. My Watch
  58. Niagara
  59. Paris Notes
  60. Petition Concerning Copyright
  61. Political Economy
  62. Portrait of King William III
  63. Post-mortem Poetry
  64. Punch, Brothers, Punch
  65. Riley-Newspaper Correspondent
  66. Rogers
  67. Running For Governor
  68. Some Learned Fables, For Good Old Boys And Girls
  69. Speech At The Scottish Banquet In London
  70. Speech On Accident Insurance
  71. Speech On The Weather
  72. Stolen White Elephant, The
  73. Switzerland, the Cradle of Liberty
  74. The Babies
  75. The Californian’s Tale
  76. The Capitoline Venus
  77. The Captain’s Story
  78. The Case Of George Fisher
  79. The Curious Dream
  80. The Danger of Lying in Bed
  81. The Esquimaux Maiden’s Romance
  82. The Facts Concerning the Recent Carnival of Crime in Connecticut
  83. The Facts Concerning The Recent Resignation
  84. The Five Boons Of Life
  85. The Judge’s “Spirited Woman”
  86. The Jumping Frog
  87. The Killing of Julius Caesar “Localized”
  88. The Late Benjamin Franklin
  89. The Loves of Alonzo Fitz Clarence and Rosannah Ethelton
  90. The McWilliamses And The Burglar Alarm
  91. The Office Bore
  92. The Petrified Man
  93. The Science vs Luck
  94. The Scriptural Panoramist
  95. The Story Of The Bad Little Boy
  96. The Story Of The Good Little Boy
  97. The Undertaker’s Chat
  98. The Widow’s Protest
  99. To Raise Poultry
  100. To the Above Old People
  101. Travelling with a Reformer
  102. Was It Heaven? Or Hell?
  103. Wit Inspirations Of The “Two-Year-Olds”

Poems by Mark Twain

  1. A Man Hired By John Smith And Co
  2. A Sweltering Day In Australia
  3. Genius
  4. O Lord, Our Father
  5. Ode To Stephen Dowling Bots, Dec’D
  6. The Aged Pilot Man
  7. Those Annual Bills
  8. To Jennie
  9. Warm Summer Sun